Gold & Silver Bullion Mints

Here is a list of U.S.-based precious metals mints.


The United States Mint, or U.S. Mint, is a government mint that was founded in 1792 and is headquartered in Washington, DC. The United States Mint is a bureau of the Department of the Treasury and is responsible for producing legal tender coins and precious metal bullion coins, but not paper money. Paper money is produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. The U.S. Mint operates mints in Philadelphia, Denver, San Francisco, and West Point, and a bullion depository in Fort Knox.

The United States Mint produces one cent pieces (also known as the penny), dimes, quarters, half dollars, $1 coins with various designs, American Eagle bullion coins in gold, silver, and palladium, one ounce gold American Buffalo bullion coins, American Liberty bullion coins in gold and silver, Morgan Silver Dollar bullion coins, and medals to commemorate and honor the U.S. bicentennial, centennial, Native American code talkers, historic events, humanitarian and cultural events, the military, U.S. presidents, classic American themes and values, Secretaries of the Treasury and Directors of the Mint, and historic buildings.

The United States Mint produces both non-precious metal coinage for day-to-day transactional use (pennies, dimes, quarters, etc.) as well as precious metal bullion coins (American Eagles and Buffalos) that are not typically used for transactional purposes, but are rather used for investment purposes. Both types of coins are considered to be legal tender, but the high-value, rarity, and physical softness of precious metal bullion coins makes them impractical for transactional use. United States Mint bullion coins are assigned face values that are largely symbolic and are far below their market values. For example, a 1 oz American Gold Eagle bullion coin has a $50 face value, but its market value is over $2,000. A 1 oz American Silver Eagle bullion coin has a $1 face value, but its market value is over $40.

Click here to visit the United States Mint’s official website.


The Texas Mint is a private mint that was founded in 2011 and is based in Shiner, Texas. The Texas Mint is a subsidiary of Texas Precious Metals, which is one of the largest precious metals dealers in the United States. The Texas Precious Metals Depository in Shiner, Texas is another subsidiary of Texas Precious Metals. The Texas Mint specializes in producing gold and silver rounds and bars. The company's signature products are the Texas Gold Round and Texas Silver Round that pay homage to the iconic symbols of Texas with the Texas State Capitol building on one side of the round, and a map of the State of Texas overlayed with a Lone Star on the other side. Other products of the Texas Mint include one ounce silver bars, ten ounce silver bars, one hundred ounce silver bars, and one ounce gold bars.

Click here to visit the Texas Mint’s official website.

Scottsdale Mint is a private mint founded in 2008 and based in Scottsdale, Arizona. Scottsdale Mint designs and manufactures precious metals, and distributes these products to investors, collectors, private banks, and governments around the world. Scottsdale Mint is known for its unique and historic designs, including the Egyptian Relic Silver Series and the Biblical Silver Series. The Mint is also well known for its silver stacker bars and silver stacker coins. Scottsdale Mint produces legal tender bullion coins for the governments of Cameroon, Fiji, Congo, Cayman Islands, Republic of Chad, Barbados, Equatorial Guinea, Samoa, and other countries.

Click here to visit the Scottsdale Mint’s official website.


United Precious Metals Refining is a privately-owned precious metals refining company that was founded in 1988 and is based in Alden, New York. United Precious Metals Refining is the largest U.S.-owned full-service primary refiner for gold, silver, platinum, and palladium in the nation. The company’s primary activity is refining precious metal scrap and jewelry and converting it into sheet, wire, stamping, grains, beads, shot, and bullion for sale. However, United Precious Metals Refining also produces a variety of different gold and silver bullion products which make it a mint, including COMEX-approved one-ounce fine gold bars, 999.9 fine gold and silver bars, and gold and silver rounds.

Click here to visit United Precious Metals Refining’s official website.


CNT (“Coins 'N Things”) is a privately-owned precious metals trading company, wholesaler, depository, and mint that was founded in 1973 and is based in Bridgewater, Massachusetts. CNT Minting offers a variety of different products made from .9999 fine silver and copper in 1 oz, 10 oz, kilo, and 100 oz sizes. CNT is an authorized distributor for all major sovereign governmental mints, including the United States Mint and is the exclusive North American distributor for the Perth Mint of Western Australia. CNT is also the U.S. federal government's largest supplier of precious metals, with the company, for example, having sold $1.86 billion worth to the U.S. Mint in 2011.. The CNT Depository is a licensed storage facility and weighmaster for COMEX silver, platinum, and palladium futures. In addition, The Perth Mint, The Royal Canadian Mint (RCM), The Royal Mint make use of the CNT Depository.

Click here to visit CNT’s official website.


9Fine Mint is a private mint that was founded in 2018 and is based in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 9Fine Mint is a subsidiary of the precious metals dealer, APMEX. 9Fine Mint produces a variety of different silver 1 oz rounds, a 2 oz hand-poured silver shamrock, a 2 oz hand-poured silver Christian cross, silver bullion bars in the 100 gram, 5 oz, 10 oz, 100 oz, and 1 kilogram sizes, cast gold bars and also copper bars

Click here to visit 9Fine Mint’s official website.

MintID is a private mint founded in 2015 and based in Tampa, Florida. MintID produces innovative precious metal bullion products that are embedded with scannable, tamperproof, 128 bit-encrypted microchips to help authenticate each piece of bullion and prevent counterfeiting. MintID produces 1 oz Gold MintID Bars, silver bars in 5 oz, 10 oz, and 100 oz sizes, 1 oz and 2 oz silver rounds, as well as popular bullion products from other mints that are encased in MintID’s high-security, scannable packaging, including 1 oz Gold American Eagles, 1 oz Gold Canadian Maple Leafs, 1 oz Gold Kangaroos, 1 oz Gold Britannias, 1 oz Gold Buffalo, and 1 oz Gold South African Krugerrands.

Click here to visit MintID’s official website.


Silver Towne Mint is a private mint that was founded in 1978 and is based in Winchester, Indiana. Silver Towne Mint is a subsidiary of precious metals dealer and trading firm A-Mark Precious Metals, Inc. Silver Towne Mint produces a wide variety of bullion bars, legal tender coins, and rounds made from .999 fine silver. The mint also specializes in custom minting of everything from fine art pieces to corporate promotional mint items. Silver Towne Mint specializes in products made from silver and not from gold or any other precious metals. The mint also works with bronze, copper, and nickel silver for custom-minted products.

Click here to visit Silver Towne Mint’s official website.

Highland Mint is a private mint that was founded in 1980 and is based in Melbourne, Florida. Highland Mint specializes in manufacturing officially licensed collectible sports memorabilia and custom coins made from both precious and non-precious metals. The mint also offers custom-minting services for a wide variety of products. The Highland Mint is officially licensed by the NFL, NFLPA, MLB, MLBPA, NHL, NHLPA, NBA, NBPA, NFL Alumni, The Pro Football Hall of Fame, The National Baseball Hall of Fame, College Licensing, Army, Navy, Marines, and NASA, and mints the coin that is used for the "Coin Toss" for every NFL game, which led to the mint’s corporate slogan, "The Game Doesn't Start without Us.”

Click here to visit Highland Mint’s official website.


Sunshine Minting is a private mint that was founded in 1979 and is based in Henderson, Nevada and operates facilities in Nevada, Idaho, and Shanghai, China. The company specializes in supplying silver planchets to the United States Mint, manufacturing Liberty Dollar coins, and providing custom minting services. According to its website, Sunshine Mint is a major supplier of gold and silver products to “several of the largest sovereign mints around the world” and can produce “very large volumes of high-quality bullion, blanks, coins, bars and medallions.”

Sunshine Minting produces their own brand of silver bars and rounds, and is a member of the American Numismatic Association (ANA), the National Coin & Bullion Association (NCBA), Inc. 5000, the International Precious Metals Institute (IPMI), the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA), and the Silver Institute.

Click here to visit Sunshine Minting’s official website.


Monarch Precious Metals is a private mint that was founded in 2008 and is based in Medford, Oregon. Monarch Precious Metals specializes in producing silver rounds, silver bars, specialty silver products, adult novelty silver rounds, fine silver gifts, gold rounds, copper gaming dice, copper dominoes, copper zodiac rounds, and pure copper gifts.

Click here to visit Monarch Precious Metals’s official website.


Golden State Mint is a private mint that was founded in 1974 and is based in Sanford, Florida. Golden State Mint specializes in producing rounds and bars made from gold, silver, and copper. In addition to minting original rounds and bars, Golden State Mint’s website sells bullion products from official government mints, including gold and silver 1 oz American Eagles, 1 oz Canadian Maple Leafs, 1 oz Britannias, 1 oz Buffalos, Liberty Double Eagles, South African Krugerrands, Morgan Silver Dollars, Australian Kangeroos, and Austrian Philharmonics.

Click here to visit Golden State Mint’s official website.


Republic Metals Corporation was a private mint that was founded in 1980 and was based in Miami, Florida. Republic Metals Corporation filed for bankruptcy in 2018 after finding a $100 million discrepancy in its gold inventory. According to a lawsuit filed against the company by its creditors, the owners, Jason Rubin and his sister Lindsey Rubin, granted themselves “extravagant salaries, bonuses, and dividends to fund their lavish lifestyles, including luxury homes and automobiles, boats, travel, clothing, and entertainment.” Republic Metals Corporation specialized in producing silver bars, gold bars, and silver rounds that were available in sizes ranging from 1 oz. to 1 kg and 1000 oz. Republic Metals Corporation’s products are still available for purchase on eBay.

Click here to read the story about Republic Metals Corporation’s rise and spectacular fall.